A basically top-down communication process.
Any process wherein the receiver of the message is not able to give any feedback to the emissor is undirectional and tends to have conditioning effects.
This applies for ex. to any type of cathedratical teaching, to written, broadcasted or television information, and also to computer transmitted information when the receiver is not supposed to discuss or elaborate on what is mailed to her/him.
It may be useful to a point in teaching, but it is frequently a tricky and objectionable process as when used for propaganda and even in many cases to publicity
- 1) General information
- 2) Methodology or model
- 3) Epistemology, ontology and semantics
- 4) Human sciences
- 5) Discipline oriented
To cite this page, please use the following information:
Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
We thank the following partners for making the open access of this volume possible: