J. FERBER describes (1999) the multi-agents system, which includes the following aspects:
"1- an environment, that is, a space which generally has a volume
2-a set of objects that is situated, that is to say that it is possible at a given moment to associate any object with a position in the environment. Some objects are passive, that is they can perceived, created, destroyed and modified by active objects (note of ed.: active objects are supposedly "agents"
3-an assembly of agents, which are specific objects, representing the active objects of the system
4-an assembly of relations, which link objects (and thus agents) to each other
5-an assembly of operations, making it possible for the agents to perceive, produce, consume, transform, and manipulate objects.
6-operators with the task of representing the application of these operations and the reaction of the world to this attempt at modification, which we shall call the laws of the universe" (1999)
To speak here of "the world"and the "laws of the universe"seems a bit of an overstatement. Possibly the author wanted to say "environment"
In any case, this proposed model seems applicable to a number of quite different types of self-organizing systems (natural or artificial)
- 1) General information
- 2) Methodology or model
- 3) Epistemology, ontology and semantics
- 4) Human sciences
- 5) Discipline oriented
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Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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