The individual differences between living systems pertaining to the same basic type.
N. BOTNARIUC states that variability "is an individual level process, its adequacy deriving from the very principle of organization and functioning of open systems".
Conversely: "Adaptation is a population or species level process… different in nature from adequacy; it is the result of the historical action of natural selection, which changes individual variability in adaptation" (1966, p.97-98).
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To cite this page, please use the following information:
Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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