That which can changes a situation in an advantageous manner.
Such a definition is obviously ambiguous: what should be advantageous is a matter of criteria. Moreover, a wide variety of criteria could be considered: economical, social, technical, etc…, or personal, groupal or general.
In accordance with different criteria, decision makers may find it difficult to make a globally satisfactory choice between different useful, but sometimes irreconciliable options.
Finally usefulness in systemic terms should by judged according to the vantage to the system in general (global optimization, long-term survival), and the maintenance of its supporting environment. Such judgment can be reached only by an integrated systemic approach.
- 1) General information
- 2) Methodology or model
- 3) Epistemology, ontology and semantics
- 4) Human sciences
- 5) Discipline oriented
To cite this page, please use the following information:
Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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