SOMATIC ECOLOGY 2)4)5)
This term has been introduced by the biologist L. BUSS, who writes: "Evolution of multi-cellular forms of life is characterized by an increasing sophistication of cells, tissues, and organs, which perform somatic duties of value to the individual as a whole"(1987, p. 53)
In fact, this behavior of the elements (biological, social or robotic) is coupled with specific, and also more and more sophisticated communication means: from physico-chemical links to symbolic language, through pheromones and mimics.
BUSS adds that this process requires that: "the cells composing them (the tissues and organs)… limit their inherent potential for proliferation. The propensity for continued self-replication has been subjugated to the interest of the whole"(Ibid).
This "subjugation" is in fact a bottom-up upbuilding of an harmonized hierarchy and a functional network, through reciprocal constraits within a shared environment.
The complex nature of these somatic ecology processes is also described by J. HOFFMEYER (1995, p. 16-25)
- 1) General information
- 2) Methodology or model
- 3) Epistemology, ontology and semantics
- 4) Human sciences
- 5) Discipline oriented
To cite this page, please use the following information:
Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
We thank the following partners for making the open access of this volume possible: