A fixed set of instructions in a program, that can be used everytime in similar situations.
H. SIMON explains: "Any module (or routine) in a well structured program, can be characterized by the inputs it needs, the outputs it produces and the transformations it operates on the inputs. The internal language used in such a module, its way to operate the transformations are not significant for its characterization. Thus any other module in the system may call on a given module without any need to know its internal structure; the whole communication between modules is channeled through their inputs-outputs" (1990, p.141 – retranslated from French!).
It seems thus that routines are necessarily algorithmic.
- 1) General information
- 2) Methodology or model
- 3) Epistemology, ontology and semantics
- 4) Human sciences
- 5) Discipline oriented
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Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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