L. DOUGLAS KIEL proposes to label in this way a methodological framework which already includes a variety of theories as for instance nonlinear dynamics and chaos theory. (1992, p.28).
He could add self-organization in nonequilibrium systems (PRIGOGINE et al); networks theory (RUMELHART and Mc CLELLAND); catastrophes theory (THOM and ZEEMAN); synergetics (HAKEN); Hypercycles theory (EIGEN); fractals (MANDELBROT) and possibly some more.
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Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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