NON-, NO- 3)
The French philosopher G. BACHELARD, in his "Philosophie du non" (1949), was one of the very firsts to state clearly the progressive but unavoidable escape of most sciences from the limits of the aristotelic and mechanicist thinking. He emphasized the importance of connections and complementarity (as for example in HEISENBERG's indeterminacy) as leading to the need for "non-analycity"). He also discussed KORZYBSKI's non-aristotelician logic (1933) and O.L. REISER's "Non-aristotelician logic and the crisis in science" (1937). This led him to extol the synthetic value of no-, or nonpositions in the sciences, meaning a general conceptual extension outside the boundaries of classical reductionist ones, but without excluding these latter.
We are now able to better understand his proposals, for an inductive and synthetic epistemology, after the discovery of non-newtonian dynamics, non-equilibrium chemistry, non-homeostatic systems, nonlinear and non-deterministic macrosystems (i.e. chaotic determinism) (all of these already preceeded by non-euclid ian geometries during the 19th century!).
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Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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