The basic requirements for a system to maintain its identity and level of organization.
E. LASZLO presents in a hierarchic form an "exclusive categorization" of needs, based on A. MASLOW's work. (1974, p.45).
This hierarchy is reproduced hereafter, but subdivided according to the growing order of complexity of the concerned living systems
All living beings
- "Safety needs (protection from weather, other species)
- "Belongingness and love needs (family and social group membership)
- "Esteem needs (having the respect of oneself and his/her peers in society)
- "Self-actualization needs (fulfilling one's potentials in his/her public and private capacity)
- "Cognitive needs (understanding one's relations to society and comprehending order in nature and the cosmos)
- "Aesthetic needs (perceiving beauty and order in experience)"
There seems thus to exist an evolution of needs toward progressive differentiation and complexity in dynamic systems, very probably related to the progressive complexification of the brain.
- 1) General information
- 2) Methodology or model
- 3) Epistemology, ontology and semantics
- 4) Human sciences
- 5) Discipline oriented
To cite this page, please use the following information:
Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
We thank the following partners for making the open access of this volume possible: