Musical works can be viewed from two different angles.
In the first place, a musical work has normally a structure defined according to certain rules of the art. For example, it can be western tonal music, or dodecaphonic, or jazz. Or it can follow the rules of the Indian Ragas. All these rules also imply typical dynamics.
Tonal music for instance has been thus described by LERDAHL and JACKENDORFF (1983) and by E. CAMBUROPOULOS in 1998
On the other hand, music is made to be perceived by auditors. While specific musical perception has not been widely researched, it is obvious that the people that we consider as musically "educated" are these who assimilated specific frames of reference corresponding to the acoustical nature of sounds and their combinations and/or the rules corresponding to a specific type of music (for ex. tonal or dodecaphonic rules of musical composition) (I. DELIEGE, 1999)
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Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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