"A collective study by many specialized experts of a complex project or problem" (Ch. FRANÇOIS, 1986, p.114).
Ch. FRANÇOIS carefully distinguishes multidisciplinarity from interdisciplinarity, or transdisciplinarity.
He writes: "Multidisciplinarity reflects the ever growing need for collaboration among many disciplinary specialists for the management of complex systems. Unfortunately, most of the multidisciplinary meetings – especially those which must produce some critical decision on practical projects – are merely confuse and confusing caucuses. Long debates may lead only to deep and damaging misunderstandings, due to the lack of a common conceptual language and an integrated view of the system to be managed (ACKOFF's messes)" (Ibid).
Thus, while the multidisciplinary approach is obviously a practical necessity, it may at the same time be clearly insufficient and in dire need for a systemic transdisciplinary language.
- 1) General information
- 2) Methodology or model
- 3) Epistemology, ontology and semantics
- 4) Human sciences
- 5) Discipline oriented
To cite this page, please use the following information:
Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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