The modelization of a complex system taking in account the different identifiable levels with their corresponding subsystems and the interactions between levels.
The best tool for multi-level description is J.G. MILLER taxonomy of living systems (1978).
For ecosystems H.T. ODUM offers useful tools (1971, 1976, 1983).
- 1) General information
- 2) Methodology or model
- 3) Epistemology, ontology and semantics
- 4) Human sciences
- 5) Discipline oriented
To cite this page, please use the following information:
Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
We thank the following partners for making the open access of this volume possible: