"The cultivation of a single crop to the exclusion of other crops on the land, i.e. in contrast to having a variety of different crops on the same land" (UNESCO – UNEP, 1983, p.18).
"Monocultures are often very susceptible to pests and diseases because of their concentration" (Ibid).
Monoculture is a typical violation of ASHBY's Principle of Requisite Variety. It is also a typical case of suboptimization in the name of maximization.
This problem is of much wider scope than agricultural. One could speak of mono-anticulture in the fight against pests and pathogens, where we produce evermore resistant strains by a kind of "inverse selection".
One may even wonder if the present human overwhelming population explosion is not the result of a kind of gigantic and unconscious "monoculture" experiment. It is at least characterized by a massive destruction of biological variety and seems to lead to an increased susceptibility to global "pests and diseases because of… concentration"
The UNESCO-UNEP glossary proposes "multiple use" as a corrective policy, i.e. the "coordinated management and planning for the most judicious and harmonious use of the land on a long term basis under the concept of combining two or more uses and/or purposes with attention to sustainability and nonimpairment fo the natural resources" (Ibid).
A general understanding of the systemic and cybernetic concepts and models seems a prerequisite for the adoption by economists, politicians and social leaders of corresponding politics worldwide.
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To cite this page, please use the following information:
Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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