A definite level in a classification of levels of action.
A theory of modalities has been introduced by H. DOOYEWEERD, as quoted by D.DE RAADT (1992, p.639). There are 15 levels in DOOYEWEERD's classification (which like any classification is debatable), starting from the "harder" to the "softer": numeric, spatial, kinematic, physical, biotic, sensitive, analytic, historic, lingual, social, economic, aesthetic, juridical, ethical and pistic (religious belief).
Starting from DOOYEWEERD's proposal, D.DE RAADT introduces "multi-modal thinking", an "essentially non-reductionistic" approach, which "assumes that for each of the fifteen modalities there is a corresponding epistemology which cannot be supplanted by and is as worthy as the epistemology of another modality… In themselves, no single epistemology is sufficient for a complete knowledge of the universe, but each contributes to a distinct outlook which, when merged with the others, give rise to a multi-modal thinking that discerns an object from every modal angle, leading to a coherent and wise understanding of the object" (Ibid).
Starting from this base, DE RAADT proposes "multi-modal design", which, for any system, starts by defining the various modal levels of interest, specifies the basic one and leads to an integrative study.
- 1) General information
- 2) Methodology or model
- 3) Epistemology, ontology and semantics
- 4) Human sciences
- 5) Discipline oriented
To cite this page, please use the following information:
Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
We thank the following partners for making the open access of this volume possible: