J.van GIGCH clarifes as follows the status of the epistemological questions which the metasystem paradigm attempts to answer
"Epistemological questions for which the metasystem paradigm does not hold answers
1. The question of problem definition: How should the problem be defined: "In everything there is everything"
2. The problem of coherence or of holism: How are the boundaries of the irreductible whole defined?
3. The question of complexity and solvability: Reality is complex but complex models cannot be solved
4. The question of 'idealism' vs 'realism': The idealist propounds impractical solutions which consider the whole; the realist present nearby solutions which are practical but nearsighted.
"Epistemological questions for which the metasystem paradigm holds answers
1. Problem of optimization and suboptimization: Can we really optimize? What is centralization and decentralization?
2. Principle of invariance: Is there isomorphism between systems levels?
3. The ontological question: Do hierarchies really exist?
4. The guarantee of truth: How do we guarantee truth or the validity of our solution?
5. The question of observability and of control: Interplay between observer/designer, description and prescription. Role of purpose in teleogenic systems". (pers. commun.)
- 1) General information
- 2) Methodology or model
- 3) Epistemology, ontology and semantics
- 4) Human sciences
- 5) Discipline oriented
To cite this page, please use the following information:
Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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