METASYSTEM PARADIGM 2)3)
"… A form of metamodeling which is used to conceptualize and study decision-making in complex hierarchical systems at several levels of recursion" (J.van GIGCH, 1986a, p.3).
van GIGCH explains: "… the organization is conceptualized as a hierarchy of control systems. A control system consists of a controller (CR) which exercises control over a controlled system (CS) which in turn, interacts with an environment (E). At the same time, there exists another controller – a metacontroller (MCR) – which exercises control over the control system C, made up of CR,CE, and E. The addition of a meta-metacontroller (MCR') defines control at the second level of recursion where MCR' exercises control over the control system C' made up of CR', and CS', and E'. It is to be noted that MCR from the first level of recursion becomes CR' at the second. Similarly, the control system C becomes CS'. Environment E and E' are not necessarily equivalent or isomorphic" (1986b, p.69).
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Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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