The management of complex systems in order to obtain the best possible long-term results.
This kind of management "seeks simplicity, but distrusts it" (A. RAPOPORT).
Its principal weapons are meta-models and meta-tools. It tries to avoid short-time expediency, mistrust short-term extrapolations and sub-optimization (brought about by unilateral maximization).
- 1) General information
- 2) Methodology or model
- 3) Epistemology, ontology and semantics
- 4) Human sciences
- 5) Discipline oriented
To cite this page, please use the following information:
Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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