"Condition of a system controlled from outside" (E. SCHWARZ – Glossary, 1993, p.7).
This condition is antinomic to autonomy.
But of course, no system is either entirely autonomous, nor heteronomous. It this last case, it would simply be a part of the environment.
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Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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