A very simple form of training through which a living system subjected to repeated stimuli tends to produce diminishing responses (after W.R. ASHBY, 1960, p.189).
Habituation is primarely a property of neural systems. It "consists in the weakening of existing (wired-in) synaptic connections with repeated stimulation" (M. BUNGE, 1979, p.163).
According to ASHBY this behavior "… is to be expected to some degree in all polystable systems when they are subjected to a repetitive stimulus or disturbance" (Ibid).
This of course, is true only if the stimulus or disturbance is non-destructive, or so dangerous that it elicits other types of reactions (as for example fighting or escaping).
It would be interesting to verify if artificial organisms could be trained in this way.
- 1) General information
- 2) Methodology or model
- 3) Epistemology, ontology and semantics
- 4) Human sciences
- 5) Discipline oriented
To cite this page, please use the following information:
Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
We thank the following partners for making the open access of this volume possible: