"Any sharp transition, any changes perceived by people as a disturbance of continuity" (A. BOGDANOV, (1921), 1980, p.229).
BOGDANOV distinguishes "C Crises", i.e., conjunctive or joining" and "D Crises, i.e., disjunctive, or separating ".
He adds: "In essence, any conjunction begins with crisis C, the break-up of boundaries, and any disintegration of a complex originates from crisis D" (1980, p.235).
BOGDANOV admits however that in reality both types of crises are generally present under the form of "& a chain of elementary crises of both types" (Ibid).
In most cases, a destructive phase precedes a constructive phase: it is necessary that the older structures and networks break up in order to allow for some type of restructuration.
As observed by J CALHOUN man is a crisis provoker, probably the greatest ever.
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Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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