F. HEYLIGHEN describes as follows the complete evolutionary sequence leading from competition to cooperation: "… competition, communication, stable interaction patterns, internal models of patterns, shared models, shared replicators, cooperation promoted by shared replicators, integration with the shared replicators as coordinators" (1992b, p.25)
This is clearly a cybernetic model which includes for example G. PASK's "conversation", with its reciprocal accomodation process (consensus – von FOERSTER cybernetics of second order), GABOR'S and Mac KAY'S "logon", shaping of a hierarchy through the appearance of a regulator.
And, in E.von GLASERSFELD's words: "… the situation of reciprocal instrumentality has the potential of developing into collaboration" (1988, p.51).
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Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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