CONSTRUCTS (Synchronous) 1)2)4)
Any social construct must necessarily be highly synchronous, i.e. respect collective coherence in time. This can be easily observed in human construction of any kind of structures, not only material but also economical, social or political. It is however also present in the activities of social insects, where it corresponds to stigmergy, and in the progressive development of any living being, from embryogenesis on.
In the case of gregarious behavior in fish shoals, or locusts, as well as in the case of the amoeba dictyostelium discoideum, synchronicity originates in the reciprocal perception of visual stimulation (fishes) or pheromones, starting possibly with a positive feedback among local groups of individuals.
The same mechanism can be observed on a freeway at rush hours. Individual drivers experiment simultaneously various conditions: perceptive (observing what is going on), mental (understanding the situation), psychological (taking care), physiological (some stress) and physical (acting) evoked by the movements of their close neighbors in the traffic lanes. Their interconnected reactions gradually gain ground in all directions and finally a global flow appears, into which every driver becomes dynamically channelled.
This "case study" seems to indicate that synchronous constructs are one of the most basic features of human systems, in still more ways than in the case of other social systems.
Social constructs, when tending to permanence, are the in-making phase of social constraints.
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To cite this page, please use the following information:
Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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