CONNECTIONS RIGIDITY 1)2)
Many complex systems are characterized by "rigidly fixed connections between all their links, the presence or function of each of which is a sine qua non of the functioning of the whole system" (I.V. BLAUBERG, V. SADOVSKY & E.G. YUDIN, 1977, p.216).
The authors give the following example: "The central nervous system, the blood circulation system, the digestive system, the excretory system, etc., are rigidly connected and complement each other in our organism. Each of them is necessary and cannot be replaced by another. Structures of this type can greatly increase the level of organization of systems as compared to the organization of the individual links constituting them. But at the same time these systems are much less flexible and capable of restructuration than "corpuscular" systems" (Ibid).
The "corpuscular" system concept has been proposed by A. MALINOWSKY (see BLAUBERG et al, Bibliography) and is somewhat akin to the composite system introduced in this encyclopedia.
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- 2) Methodology or model
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Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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