1 The basic and limitative organization of our capacity as an observer and actor.
2- The basic and limitative organization of the global capacity as observers of some group of individuals (probably in social animals, as well as in humans).
The first level of structural congruence refers to the individual and has the following roots:
a) it results from the progressive learning, which is slightly or vastly different from one individual to another, and organizes a specific conceptual space on the basis of defined constraints, for each of us (for example, the rules of harmony for an 18th Century composer).
Apart from basic physiological limitations to perception, learning differentiates and refines some perceptive abilities, while it stifles others. The mind ends up with a kind of general congruence of autopoietic character and a great number of more specific congruences (for example between the specific techniques in a profession, or driving a car).
b) individual learning reflects of course collective mindscapes, which frame it and orient it toward specific capabilities and inhibitions, defined by the culture. The second level of structural congruence is a result and also the basis of communication. It is constantly reconstructed by a process of shifting consensus and becomes reflected for example in semantic polysemy and the slow evolution of natural languages.
- 1) General information
- 2) Methodology or model
- 3) Epistemology, ontology and semantics
- 4) Human sciences
- 5) Discipline oriented
To cite this page, please use the following information:
Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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