L. THAYER states: "For the "information" engineer, a "bit" of information is a "bit", regardless of the time of day or the number of times it is used. Not so the components of human communication systems. An individual is not the same in one communication system as he is in another… There is always something which is significantly unique about an individual in every communication system in which he participates. The components of a human communication system are interdependent in that system in the sense that the only way they can be defined in that communication system is in relation to each other… In an "information" (read "data ") system, the data are the message. In human communication, "information" is the product of a human transform of the data" (1972, p.111).
At this meta-level, every technical aspect of the transmission of messages remains basic, but the whole physical process is now the bearer of the psycho-socio-semantic level's products.
- 1) General information
- 2) Methodology or model
- 3) Epistemology, ontology and semantics
- 4) Human sciences
- 5) Discipline oriented
To cite this page, please use the following information:
Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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