COGNITIVE RINGS 3)4)
J.L. VULLIERME explains the concept of cognitive rings in the following way "The aim of knowledge is knowledge of the object by some local (and localized) observer (1990, p.151).
However, any observer or modelizer needs some observational reference frames. These can be acquired only through specular interaction, by which one observer uses his observation of other(s) observer(s) behavior to enhance his own understanding.
"It is because the community we belong to is not merely an aggregate of individual behaviors. (Note: i.e. statistical, uncoordinated behaviors) observed from outside, but moreover a cognitive reality for us, that the community exists and that we belong to it" (p. 154).
Shortly put: A society is in some sense a set of cognitive rings.
The concept is closely related to the basic ones of von FOERSTER Cybernetics of the 2nd order and JUMARIE's Relativistic theory of information. (see "Information theory").
An interesting observation by VULLIERME: "The cognitive rings do create these social membranes which are the boundaries. We reproduce them only because we respect them and we respect them only because we ourselves produce them by a cross interaction which spans and transcends individual wills" (p.155).
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Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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