Emergence of a part of the system, which starts to act as a global center of regulation and control (According to A.D. HALL & R.E. FAGEN, 1956, p.22).
As the complexity of the system increases, the coordination between its numerous differentiated functions become more necessary and, at the same time, more difficult. This coordination, however, takes place automatically by the interplay of countervailing regulations at different hierarchical levels.
The global center of coordination appears at the higher level and must in principle take charge only of the most general problems which are significant for the system as a whole.
It can be said that centralization becomes excessive when the global center of coordination starts meddling inefficiently with local or specific problems, encroaching on the regulation centers activity at lesser levels.
- 1) General information
- 2) Methodology or model
- 3) Epistemology, ontology and semantics
- 4) Human sciences
- 5) Discipline oriented
To cite this page, please use the following information:
Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
We thank the following partners for making the open access of this volume possible: