"A type of self-adaptive system that has the properties of complex organization in dynamic equilibrium, regulated behavior, and the ability to change, grow and reproduce"
This term, introduced in 1940 by R. GERARD, corresponds more or less to J. MILLER's "living system", but did not met with wide acceptation. (1956, p.158; 1974, p.121)
As a subclass of animorgs, GERARD distinguished "epiorganisms", i.e. colonies or societies made of individuals. (1956, p.158)
- 1) General information
- 2) Methodology or model
- 3) Epistemology, ontology and semantics
- 4) Human sciences
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Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science(2020).
To cite this page, please use the following information:
Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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