ADAPTIVE CHANGE 1)
According to G. BATESON: "Whatever the system, adaptive change depends upon feedback loops, be it provided by natural selection or those of individual reinforcement. In all cases, then, there must be a trial and error process and a mechanism of comparison. But trial and error must always involve error, and error is always biologically and/or psychically expensive. It follows therefore that adaptive change must always be hierarchic.
"There is needed not only that first-order change which suits the immediate environmental (or psychological) demand, but also second-order changes which will reduce the amount of trial and error needed to achieve the first-order change" (1973, p.245)
One wonders how this could be translated to cultural adaptive change. (A good case for research would be the shaping of the European Union)
- 1) General information
- 2) Methodology or model
- 3) Epistemology, ontology and semantics
- 4) Human sciences
- 5) Discipline oriented
Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science(2020).
To cite this page, please use the following information:
Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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