The creation of new living organisms through the assembly in laboratory of new composite genomes.

This biological artificial life is widely different from either the creation of societies of cooperative robots, or computer modelling of possible artificial organisms.

Research in this field is just beginning at the Institute for Genomic Research of Doctors Craig VENTER and Claire FRASER in Maryland (The Economist, January 30th, 1999).

The possible development of this type of project should be closely monitored, in view of its considerable potential for revolutionary transformations in biology and ecology.

5) discipline oriented

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