A process through which "some very disordered systems spontaneously "crystallize" into a high degree of order" (After St. KAUFFMAN – 1991, p.64)

According to KAUFFMAN: "Computer models suggest that certain complex systems tend toward self-organization" (Ibid). The subject is closely related to the behavior of composite systems and their self-organized criticality (developed by P. BAK et al. in 1988; 1989; 1991).

It is not however the true antithesis of chaos, since chaos does not generally disorganize complex systems: it only makes the prediction of their behavior quite difficult, or downright impossible.

2) methodology or model

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