"A type of self-adaptive system that has the properties of complex organization in dynamic equilibrium, regulated behavior, and the ability to change, grow and reproduce"

This term, introduced in 1940 by R. GERARD, corresponds more or less to J. MILLER's "living system", but did not met with wide acceptation. (1956, p.158; 1974, p.121)

As a subclass of animorgs, GERARD distinguished "epiorganisms", i.e. colonies or societies made of individuals. (1956, p.158)

1) general information

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