0045

ADAPTIVENESS 1)

"The ability of an individual or system to modify itself or its environment, when either has changed to the individual's or system's disadvantage, so as to regain at least some of its lost efficiency" (R.L. ACKOFF & F.E.EMERY 1972, p.124).

ACKOFF & EMERY write: "The definition of adaptive implies four types of adaptation:

- Other-other adaptation: an individual's or system's reacting or responding to an external change by modifying the environment;

- Other-self adaptation: an individual's or system's reacting or responding to an external change by modifying itself;

- Self-other adaptation: an individual's or system's reacting or responding to an internal change by modifying its environment;

- Self-self adaptation: an individual s or system's reacting or responding to an internal change by modifying itself"(lbid)

1) general information

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